The legacy is actually rugs from ancient history to the present. They carry their memories, feelings, pains, nature. Kilim weaving is due to weaving structures. The Turks who find and develop Kirkitli weavings. Kirkitli (kilim-cicim-sumaczili, rug) fabrics have spread to the world with the migration of Turks from Central Asia. In order to meet the needs of covering and spreading in the laying of the houses, it is believed that the wool yarns were first made by putting the wool yarns one above the other, and then they found the carpet by knitting the short wool yarns between these yarns.
Turkey’s natural conditions and differences of various fabrics because of the slot to a variety of cultures throughout history, is very diverse in terms of techniques and patterns. However, the region shows characteristics and is very little in terms of design, especially since it is traditionally made.
Kilim: tanımlan It is a type of weaving that consists of transverse weft yarns passing through a front, and a warp yarn, which is a double front of the fabric. The region where the rugs live has many motives related to their natural disasters, animals, beliefs, cultural events and desires. Root paints are obtained from natural products even after the colors of the kilims have entered the chemical paintings. Some plants or fruits are used outside of the root dye and are given in the following table.
some plants and colors used in vegetable dyeing obtained in Turkey
|Plant Species||Sections Used in Painting||Colors Obtained|
|Rootstone (Rubia tinctoria)||Exile of the plant||Brown-red|
|Buckthorn (Rhamnus tinctoria)||fruits||Shades of yellow and coffee|
|Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)||Body of plant||Yellow-green yellow|
|Walnut (Juglans regia)||All parts of plant||All shades of khaki and green|
|Onion (Allium cepa)||Bump outside shells||Dark coffee-orange|
|Vine (Vitis vinifera)||leaves||Shades of green|
|Red pine (Pinus brutia)||Body Shells||Yellow green|
|Euphorbia tinctoria||Whole plant||Yellow-green and shades|
|Labada (Rumex conglomeratus)||seeds||Brown and shades|
|Sissy (Berberis crataegina)||Whole plant||Yellow and shades|
|Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)||Fruit Shells||Yellow, brown, black|
|Mint (Mentha pulequem)||Whole plant||Yellow, Khaki, Green|
|Thyme (Thymus kotschyanus)||Body-leaves||Yellow-green-gray|
|Hayit (Vitex agnus)||leaves||Yellow green|
|Skinny Sumac (Rhus coriaria)||Whole plant||Yellow Red|
|Chamomile (Anthemis tinctoria)||Whole plant||Yellow and shades|
|Mullein (Verbascum phlomoides)||Body-leaves||Mustard, green, yellow|
|Sage (Salvia triloba)||Whole plant||Yellow and shades|
|Yarpuz (Mentha tomentosa)||Whole plant||Yellow and shades|
|Sergil (Plumbago europeae)||Whole plant||Yellow and shades|
Rugs and Patterns
In our country, we have tried to present some information about the rugs motifs and their meanings, which are obtained by the examination of the old carpets and some meanings that we have understood.
1. Muska Motif
Amulet and Amulet: Amulet ; Reduces the effect of gaz gazing. Amulet; protects the owner from bad events.
2. Eagle motif
Eagle: Represents power and might.
3. Earrings motif
Earrings: A young girl who wants to get married indirectly shows her family any wishes.
4. Eye motif
Eye: Kem is believed to be protective against the eyes, damage.
5. Fertility motif
Abundance: Used in conjunction with the hand on the waist and ram represents the male and female. It protects the family from evil in the middle.
6. Motif motif
Bukağı: It refers to the unity of family and the hope of being together.
7. Hand, Finger, Scallop Motif
Hand, finger, comb: fingers, kem protects eyes. Hand motif; efficiency, comb while birth icons.
8. Velcro motif
Pıtrak: means abundant flowering. Abundance is the symbol of fertility.
9. Crate motif
Chest: symbolizes the young girl’s dowry chest.
10. Hook & Plus Motif
Çengel and Artı: Plus (+) and hooks in Turkish fabrics are frequently used to protect people from dangers.
11. Dragon motif
Dragon: Dragon is the master of air and water. It is believed to bring fertile spring rains.
12. Bird motif
Bird: Owl and colony evils, nightingale and pigeon; Good luck icons.
13. Hand on your waist
Belly Eli: Symbol of motherhood, femininity and productivity.
14. Hair tie motif
Hair ties: Expresses the desire to marry. Hair joining represents immortality.
15. Aries horn motif
Koçboynuzu: Represents productivity, power and masculinity. He expresses that the person who weaves is very happy.
16. Waterway motif
Waterway: Emphasizes the importance of water in human life.
17. Scorpio motif
Scorpio: Akrebin touches for protection from evil.
18. Star motif
Star: Represents productivity.
19. Tree of Life Motif
The tree of life: the symbol of eternity.