Rug Motif and Meaning in Turkey

Rug Motif and Meaning in Turkey
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The legacy is actually rugs from ancient history to the present. They carry their memories, feelings, pains, nature. Kilim weaving is due to weaving structures. The Turks who find and develop Kirkitli weavings. Kirkitli (kilim-cicim-sumaczili, rug) fabrics have spread to the world with the migration of Turks from Central Asia. In order to meet the needs of covering and spreading in the laying of the houses, it is believed that the wool yarns were first made by putting the wool yarns one above the other, and then they found the carpet by knitting the short wool yarns between these yarns.

Rug Motifs

Turkey’s natural conditions and differences of various fabrics because of the slot to a variety of cultures throughout history, is very diverse in terms of techniques and patterns. However, the region shows characteristics and is very little in terms of design, especially since it is traditionally made.

Kilim: tanımlan It is a type of weaving that consists of transverse weft yarns passing through a front, and a warp yarn, which is a double front of the fabric. The region where the rugs live has many motives related to their natural disasters, animals, beliefs, cultural events and desires. Root paints are obtained from natural products even after the colors of the kilims have entered the chemical paintings. Some plants or fruits are used outside of the root dye and are given in the following table.

some plants and colors used in vegetable dyeing obtained in Turkey

Plant SpeciesSections Used in PaintingColors Obtained
Rootstone (Rubia tinctoria)Exile of the plantBrown-red
Buckthorn (Rhamnus tinctoria)fruitsShades of yellow and coffee
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)Body of plantYellow-green yellow
Walnut (Juglans regia)All parts of plantAll shades of khaki and green
Onion (Allium cepa)Bump outside shellsDark coffee-orange
Vine (Vitis vinifera)leavesShades of green
Red pine (Pinus brutia)Body ShellsYellow green
Euphorbia tinctoriaWhole plantYellow-green and shades
Labada (Rumex conglomeratus)seedsBrown and shades
Sissy (Berberis crataegina)Whole plantYellow and shades
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)Fruit ShellsYellow, brown, black
Mint (Mentha pulequem)Whole plantYellow, Khaki, Green
Thyme (Thymus kotschyanus)Body-leavesYellow-green-gray
Hayit (Vitex agnus)leavesYellow green
Skinny Sumac (Rhus coriaria)Whole plantYellow Red
Chamomile (Anthemis tinctoria)Whole plantYellow and shades
Mullein (Verbascum phlomoides)Body-leavesMustard, green, yellow
Sage (Salvia triloba)Whole plantYellow and shades
Yarpuz (Mentha tomentosa)Whole plantYellow and shades
Sergil (Plumbago europeae)Whole plantYellow and shades
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Rugs and Patterns

In our country, we have tried to present some information about the rugs motifs and their meanings, which are obtained by the examination of the old carpets and some meanings that we have understood.

1. Muska Motif

Amulet and Amulet: Amulet ; Reduces the effect of gaz gazing. Amulet; protects the owner from bad events.


Amulet and Amulet

2. Eagle motif

Eagle: Represents power and might.

Eagle motif

3. Earrings motif

Earrings: A young girl who wants to get married indirectly shows her family any wishes.

Earrings motif

4. Eye motif

Eye: Kem is believed to be protective against the eyes, damage.

Eye motif

5. Fertility motif

Abundance: Used in conjunction with the hand on the waist and ram represents the male and female. It protects the family from evil in the middle.

Bereket motif

6. Motif motif

Bukağı: It refers to the unity of family and the hope of being together.

Bust motif

7. Hand, Finger, Scallop Motif

Hand, finger, comb: fingers, kem protects eyes. Hand motif; efficiency, comb while birth icons.

Hand, finger, comb

8. Velcro motif

Pıtrak: means abundant flowering. Abundance is the symbol of fertility.

Motif motif

9. Crate motif

Chest: symbolizes the young girl’s dowry chest.

Chest motif

10. Hook & Plus Motif

Çengel and Artı: Plus (+) and hooks in Turkish fabrics are frequently used to protect people from dangers.

Hooked Motif:

Hook motif

Plus Motif:

Plus motif

11. Dragon motif

Dragon: Dragon is the master of air and water. It is believed to bring fertile spring rains.

Dragon motif

12. Bird motif

Bird: Owl and colony evils, nightingale and pigeon; Good luck icons.

Bird motif

13. Hand on your waist

Belly Eli: Symbol of motherhood, femininity and productivity.


14. Hair tie motif

Hair ties: Expresses the desire to marry. Hair joining represents immortality.

Hair ties motif

15. Aries horn motif

Koçboynuzu: Represents productivity, power and masculinity. He expresses that the person who weaves is very happy.

Coachbike motif

16. Waterway motif

Waterway: Emphasizes the importance of water in human life.

Waterway motif

17. Scorpio motif

Scorpio: Akrebin touches for protection from evil.

Scorpion motif

18. Star motif

Star: Represents productivity.

Star motif

19. Tree of Life Motif

The tree of life: the symbol of eternity.

Tree of life motif

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